The sale process
A residential property cannot be advertised for sale until a Contract of Sale has been prepared.
The contract must contain a copy of the title documents, drainage diagram and a current Zoning Certificate (s 149) issued by the local council. Property exclusions must also be included and a statement of the buyer’s cooling off rights must be attached. The draft contract must be available for inspection at the agent’s office. It is important that you consult your solicitor or conveyancer about preparing the contract to make sure that everything is in order.
There are two main ways of selling a residential property, by private treaty and by auction.
When you sell your home by private treaty, you set a price and the property is listed for sale at that price. In general, the price is negotiable with the seller often asking a higher amount than they expect to sell the property for, and the buyer making an initial offer much lower than the asking price.
The process of a sale by private treaty offers the following benefits:
greater control over the sale
time to consider offers by potential purchasers
the ability to extend the time for which your home is for sale indefinitely
potential purchasers must make offers for your property 'blind', without knowing what other buyers think it is worth.
Selling privately is often just as tense as a public auction, and you will be faced with important decisions when you are presented with offers which are lower than your asking price.
There are risks with selling by private treaty which also should be considered:
if the price you set is too high, your property may not sell
if the price you set is too low, you may miss out on maximising the selling price.
You should also be aware that when a property is sold by private treaty, the buyer has a five day cooling-off period during which they may withdraw from the sale.
Contracts and deposits
To sell through an auction process, the amount you want for the property is generally not revealed to potential buyers who are encouraged to attend the auction and bid for the property against other potential buyers.
Auctions have become an increasingly popular way to sell or buy residential property, but before you decide to go down that path, do your homework and familiarise yourself with the process and what it involves.
Setting a reserve price
The reserve price is the lowest amount you are willing to accept for your property. Before bidding begins, advise your agent what you nominate as the reserve price. This is usually not told to the prospective buyers.
If the highest bid is below the reserve price, the property will be ‘passed in’. You will then either try and negotiate a price with interested bidders or put the property back on the market.
If the bidding continues beyond the reserve price, the property is sold at the fall of the auctioneer's hammer.
The successful bidder must sign the sale contract and pay you a deposit on the spot (usually 10%). There is no cooling-off period for anyone who buys a property at auction. If the property is passed in at auction but contracts are exchanged on that same day, the cooling-off period still does not apply.
Exchanging sale contracts is the legal part of selling a home and happens regardless of whether you sell your property by private treaty or auction.
There will be two copies of the sale contract: one for you and one for the buyer. You each sign one copy before they are swapped or ‘exchanged’. This can be done by hand or post and is usually arranged by your solicitor, conveyancer or the agent. At the time of the exchange, the buyer will be required to pay a deposit, usually 10% of the purchase price.
The contract exchange is a critical point in the sale process:
- The buyer or seller is not legally bound until signed copies of the contract are exchanged.
- Buyers of residential property usually have a cooling off period of five working days following the exchange of contracts during which they can withdraw from the sale.
- If the agent arranges exchange of contacts, the agent must give copies of the signed contract to each party or their solicitor or conveyancer within 2 business days.
- The cooling off period can be waived, reduced or extended by negotiation.
- There is no cooling off period for sellers. Once contracts have been exchanged, sellers are generally bound to complete the agreement.
- There is no cooling off period when purchasing at auction.
Settlement is the conclusion of the sale transaction and usually takes place about six weeks after contracts are exchanged.